Making relationships

Self confidence


Self esteem


Sharing and turn taking

Caring for others and themselves


Having a go!

We aim for all children to participate in activities which help them grow and develop good relationships ,self confidence and awareness and the ability to manage their own behaviour.  We use the following base for our curriculum and plan activities according to your child’s developmental stage and interests.  This will help children be prepared for life in modern day Britain.

PSE Making Relationships

16-26 months Plays alongside others.

Uses a familiar adult as a secure base from which to explore independently in new environments, e.g. ventures away to play and interact with others, but returns for a cuddle or reassurance if becomes anxious.

Plays cooperatively with a familiar adult, e.g. rolling a ball back and forth.




22-36 months Interested in others’ play and starting to join in
Seeks out others to share experiences
Shows affection and concern for people who are special to them
May form a special friendship with another child
30-50 months Can play in a group, extending and elaborating play ideas, e.g. building up a role-play activity with other children
Initiates play, offering cues to peers to join them
Keeps play going by responding to what others are saying or doing
Demonstrates friendly behaviour, initiating conversations and forming good relationships with peers and familiar adults
40-60+ month Initiates conversations, attend to and takes account of what others say
Explains own knowledge and understanding, and asks appropriate questions of others
Takes steps to resolve conflicts with other children, e.g. finding a compromise.
 PSE Self Confidence and Self Awareness

16-26 months Explores new toys and environments, but ‘checks in’ regularly with familiar adult as and when needed.
  Gradually able to engage in pretend play with toys (supports child to understand their own thinking may be different from others).
  Demonstrates sense of self as an individual, e.g. wants to do things independently, says “No” to adult.


22-36 months Separates from main carer with support and encouragement from a familiar adult.
Expresses own preferences and interests.
30-50 months Can select and use activities and resources with help
Welcomes and values praise for what they have done
Enjoys responsibility of carrying out small tasks
Is more outgoing towards unfamiliar people and more confident in new social situations
Confident to talk to other children when playing, and will communicate freely about own home and community
Shows confidence in asking adults for help
40-60+ months Confident to speak to others about own needs, wants, interests and opinions
Can describe self in positive terms and talk about abilities
 Managing Feelings and Behaviour



16-26 months Is aware of others’ feelings, for example, looks concerned if hears crying or looks excited if hears a familiar happy voice.
  Growing sense of will and determination may result in feelings of anger and frustration which are difficult to handle, e.g. may have tantrums.
  Responds to a few appropriate boundaries, with encouragement and support.
  Begins to learn that some things are theirs, some things are shared, and some things belong to other people.
22-36 months Seeks comfort from familiar adults when needed
Can express their own feelings such as sad, happy, cross, scared, worried
Responds to the feelings and wishes of others
Aware that some actions can hurt or harm others
Tries to help or give comfort when others are distressed
Shows understanding and cooperates with some boundaries and routines
Can inhibit own actions/behaviours, e.g. stop themselves from doing something they shouldn’t do
Growing ability to distract self when upset, e.g. by engaging in a new play activity
30-50 months Aware of own feelings, and knows that some actions and words can hurt others’ feelings
Begins to accept the needs of others and can take turns and share resources, sometimes with support from others
Can usually tolerate delay when needs are not immediately met, and understands wishes may not always be met
Can usually adapt behaviour to different events, social situations and changes in routine
40-60+ Understands that own actions affect other people, for example, becomes upset or tries to comfort another child when they realise they have upset them
Aware of the boundaries set, and of behavioural expectations in the setting
Beginning to be able to negotiate and solve problems without aggression, e.g. when someone has taken their toy